Friday, April 26, 2013

Daniel Sherwood-Civil War (Part 2)




Daniel Sherwood likely died in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road 
(also know as the Second Battle of Fair Oaks) on October 28, 1864.

Daniel's half sister, Maria, died the next year (1865).  A gravestone was made to remember Daniel as well.  This memorial is located in find a It is in the Angola Cemetery in Lake Villa, Lake County, Illinois.

This was a fortunate find at which is a "Register of the Reinterments."  Most of the soldiers were listed as Unknown.  Fortunately Daniel Sherwood was included.  He was a private in the 39th Illinois Regiment Company F and killed on October 28, 1864 as was listed here.

Where was he buried?  The Nationwide Gravesite cemetery Locator (for Vetereans) was checked for Daniel Sherwood.  For the first name Dan had to be used with "contains" instead of "exact match" under the search options.  You can then click "Fort Harrison National Cemetery" or "View Map"  Daniel is probably buried near the building.  Scroll down the page to "Historical Information" to find out more about Fort Harrison.  Again, it is fortunate Daniel Sherwood was found because "As of July 1876, 239 of 814 interments were known while 575 were unknown, including four  Confederate prisoners of war."

This document was obtained from  Note that it show Daniel was originally buried at Allens Farm Va.  He was later reintered in the Fort Harrisons Va National Cemetery.  His name is spelled Dan'l.  That is why Daniel could not be found in the Nationwide Graveside Locator until the search option was changed to "contains."

Daniel is listed on the Fort Harrison National Cemetery Graveyard list.  He is the only one from the 39th Illinois Inf to be buried there.  None of his friends could even be found in any National Cemetery.  How fortunate it was that Daniel Sherwood had a final burial place in a National Cemetery.  It is here that he can represent his friends who died on the battlefield near there.

Section B Grave 31

Daniel was originally buried at Allen's Farm.  If you are interested in where Daniel Sherwood was first buried (and near where he died)
1.  Click on Allen's Farm
2.  Spider Search.  Click  "Allen's Farm"
3.  Click "Display markers on map"
Allens Farm where Daniel Sherwood was buried before being his reinterment in Fort Harrison, Va. National Cemetery
4,  Enlarge the map leaving only one dash between the -.+
5.  The Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road may have been fought  West of here (near South Airport Road).  See map  of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road.
6.  Go straight down to Darbytown Road.  It was on this road where Daniel Sherwood was probably in an earlier Battle.
7.  Go down past New Market Road to Deep Bottom Park near where Daniel's four friends would have lost their lives.
8.  Go left  to Fort Harrison on Varina Road (near Battlefield Park Road) where Daniel Sherwood is buried.

Fort Harrison National Cemetery where Daniel Sherwood is buried.  Section B Grave 31.

"There I stood at the head of my Regiment on the very ground.............General Robert E Lee was compelled to surrender by our brave boys.  It was to accomplish this very end that they had left home and friends and periled life and limb time and time again; and oh! How many of them are now sleeping the soldier's long, long sleep, unmindful of this great achievement."

"Here we recognized the end of this wicked rebellion; and you may be sure gratitude filled our hearts when we contemplated this grand result of all our toils, our hard marches, hard fighting and exposures."

Colonel Homer A Plimpton of Daniel Sherwood's 39th Illinois Regiment

Civil War Journals of Col. Homer A Plimpton

                                             Map Link (Park Tools--View Park Map)

This map shows some of the locations discussed in the two posts on Daniel Sherwood.  Fair Oaks (top center red dot), Savage's Station (top right red dot) is near where Daniel Sherwood was first buried., Darbytown Road (middle blue dot), Fort Harrison (bottom left blue dot) where Daniel was reinterred.   Deep Bottom (bottom middle blue dot) was where Daniel's four friends lost their lives.  Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road is the name of a battle Daniel fought in.  Daniel is listed as dying somewhere on Darbytown Road.  Daniel's Regiment was also in an earlier battle called the Battle of Darbytown Road (October 13, 1864).

Fort Harrison National Cemetery

This video reminded me of those Civil War soldiers

Sunday, April 7, 2013

Daniel Sherwood-Civil War (Part 1)

A scene near Darbytown Road by Civil War artist Alfred Waud October 27, 1864
Daniel Sherwood died near here October 28, 1864

Volunteer Enlistment 

State of Illinois                      Town of Waukegan

   I, Daniel Sherwood,  born in Avon in the State of Illinois aged Eighteen years, and by occupation a Farmer Do HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGE to have volunteered this Twenty-fifth day of January 1864, to serve as a SOLDIER in the Army of the United States of America, for the period of THREE YEARS, unless sooner discharged by proper authority:  Do also agree to accept such bounty, pay, rations, and clothing, as are, or may be, established by law for volunteers.  And I, Daniel Sherwood, do solemnly swear, that i will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever, and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the Rules and Articles of War.

Sworn and subscribed to, at  Chicago Ill
this Twenty-fifth day of  January 1864                             Daniel Sherwood
BEFORE (Two Names difficult to read)
   I CERTIFY, ON HONOR, That I have carefully examined the above named volunteer, agreeable to the General Regulations of the Army, and that in my opinion he is free from all bodily defects and mental infirmity, which would, in any way, disqualify him from performing the duties of a soldier.

                                                                          W C Hunt                  
                                                                                       EXAMINING SURGEON

   I CERTIFY, ON HONOR, That I have minutely inspected the Volunteer, Daniel Sherwood previously to his enlistment, and that he was entirely sober when enlisted; that, to the best of my judgment and belief, he is of lawful age; and that in accepting him as duly qualified to perform the duties of an able-bodied  soldier, I have strictly observed the regulations which govern the recruiting service.  This soldier has Hazel eyes,  Brown hair, Light complexion, is      Five feet Four 1/4 inches high.

                                                                         Two names too difficult to read      

                                                      39th Regiment of Ill.        Volunteers,   Infantry
                                                                            RECRUITING OFFICER

(A.  G.  O. No 74.)

    I certify on honor, that Daniel Sherwood a Private of Captain A B Hoffman Company F of the 39" Regiment of Infantry VOLUNTEERS, of the State of Illinois, born in Avon, State of Illinois, aged 18 years; 5 feet 4 1/2" inches high; Light comp lesion, Hazel eyes, Brown hair, and by occupation a Farmer, having joined the company on the original organization at __________ and enrolled in it at the muster into the service of the United States at _______________, on the ____________day of _____________, 184  , (or was mustered in service as a recruit, by Capt. Pomeroy, at Chicago, Ill on the 25" day of January, 1864, or was drafted and mustered into the service of the United States from the _____Enrollment District of the State of __, at ________, on the ______day of __________, 186 ,) to serve in the Regiment, for the term of Three Years and having served HONESTLY and FAITHFULLY with his Company in the 39" Regt to the present date, is now entitle to a DISCHARGE by reason of being killed in action Before Richmond Va.
    the said Private Daniel Sherwood was last paid by Paymaster Maj. Dorman to include the 31" day of August, 1864, and has pay due him from that time to the present date; he is entitled to pay and subsistence for TRAVELING to olace of enrollment, and whatever other allowances are authorized to volunteer soldiers, drafted men, or militia so discharged.  He has received from the United States clothing amounting to 69.15 dollars, since the 25"day of January, 1864, when his clothing account was last settled.  He has received from the United States 100 dollars advanced BOUNTY.
    There is to be stopped from him, on account of the State of _____________, or other authroities for clothing, &C, RECEIVED ON ENTERING SERVICE, ______dollars; and for other stoppages, viz: ____________________________________________________________________dollars.
He has been furnished with TRANSPORTATION in kind from the place of his discharge to place of enrollment, up to the ___________, 186 .
    He is indebted to ___________SUTLER, ______________________dollars.
    He is indebted to ____________, LAUNDRESS, ________________dollars.

    Given in Duplicate, at in the Field Before Richmond Va , this 28" day of October, 1864.

                                                                                                              Samuel Gilmore
                                                                                                                 2" Lieut. 39" Ill Vol Infty.
                                                                                                                             Commanding Company
(A. G. O. No. 95--First.)       
Note:  On the reverse of the enlistment paper, he gives his age as 18 years 6 months witnessed by John J Johnson, 39th Ill. (per David L Kent).

Inventory of the effects of Daniel Sherwood
Additional information received from David L. Kent, a genealogical Record Searcher:
 July-Aug 1864 "On daily duty as Co. cook."  Remarks:  "Died Oct 28/64, Darbytown road, Va., gun-shot wound."


1860 Census shows Dan Sherwood was living in Antioch, Avon, Illinois in 1860 with his family. 
 He was only 15 years old when he enlisted in the Civil War in January of 1864

 "Company F" of the 39th Illinois Regiment.  In addition to Dan Sherwood, note that Henry Fiddler and Adelbert Van Patten, from Antioch have a date of muster in Waukegan on 31 January 1864.  Thomas H Kennedy and Thomas W Kennedy from Antioch, who, I believe, were cousins, joined the Regiment the next month.  There was a Fiddler Family who were next door neighbors to the Sherwood Family in 1870 in Antioch.  Daniel Sherwood, Adelbert Van Patter, and Henry Fiddler may well have gone to Waukegan together.  Daniel's friends died in the War just over two months before he did.

 Two of Henry Fiddlers' brothers also died in the Civil War.

The gravestone listing the three Fiddler brothers who died in the Civil War
Angolan Cemetery, Lake Villa, Lake, Illinois
Adelbert Van Patten, Thomas H Kennedy,  Thomas W Kennedy, and Henry Fiddler were all killed on August 16, 1864. These soldiers were from Antioch and likely were acquainted with each other in that small town before volunteering for the War.

Colonel Homer A. Plimpton wrote the following of this battle:  (August 16, 1864)

"The scene which now presented itself to my view I shall never forget--whole divisions of the advancing column swept down in a twinkling of an eye.  On every hand could be seen dead and dying men; our own comrades, who but a short time before were buoyant and hopeful, no thought of death to make them sad." (389)

They were buried the next day:

"On the 17th, the day after the battle, our dead were brought into our lines under a flag of truce and decently buried.  Our brigade's share in the dead was over 250." (391)  One can only imagine the grief of sixteen year old Dan Sherwood over the loss of his four friends from Antioch.

The 39th Regiment history showed that on August 16, 1864 the Regiment attacked the enemy at Deep (Valley) Run (Second Battle of Deep Bottom).  The links at that site will give added information, pictures, and a map.

 Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road  was where Daniel Sherwood lost his life on October 28, 1864.  This was a confederate victory and about 600 prisoners were taken.  This battle recorded Union casualties of 1603 and Confederate casualties of fewer than 100.  If you scroll down on the map you will see Darbytown Road and Deep Bottom Park.  A satellite view is also available.

A drawing of the action on the 27th by Alfred Waud
The painting is not real clear, but this is as close as we can get to the battle.
Colonel Homer A. Plimpton wrote of this battle:

"On the 26h of Oct., orders were received for an advance and on the 27th the corps advanced to the front again near the scene of the late engagement on the 13th of Oct., where they met the enemy and for two days more or less fighting was done.  The 39th at this time was not called to take a very active part and hence our losses were small." (404)  But certainly not small for Private Daniel Sherwood who lost his life at this time or his family who would grieve for the loss of this young man. 

There is no way of knowing, but the following entry in Homer A Plimpton's Journal might apply to Daniel Sherwood:

"Miss Clara Barton is with us in our hospital department, attending to the wants of the wounded, furnishing little delicacies that no one but a woman knows how to prepare and giving comfort and encouragement to the sick and wounded both day and night.  She is a second Florence Nightengale among us and we appreciate her services at this and other trying times most sincerely." (406)

Could she have attended to Daniel Sherwood?

Of the battle of the 13th of October referred to above, where Daniel likely saw action as well, Colonel Homer A Plimpton said: "Our little regiment lost six brave men in less time than it takes me to write it."  Of this loss he wrote:
"In strong, fierce, headlong fight they
fall, as ships go down in storms,
They fall, and here whirlwinds, swept o'er
their shattered forms."(402)

After this Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road there seemed to be a general cessation of operations at the front and the whole army prepared to go into winter quarters.  Pleasant camps were selected near their line of works.  Had he survived that battle, Daniel Sherwood would likely have been at or near Appomatox Court House when Robert E Lee surrendered to Ulysses S Grant.  A week after that historic event  Daniel Sherwood's Regiment would have heard of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.  Colonel Homer A Plimpton  of Daniel Sherwood's  Regiment said:  We never knew the depths of our love for that noble man until we heard of his cruel murder." (421)  

"That we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain"
Gettysburg Address


See The Civil War Journals of Colonel Homer A Plimpton 1861-1865 for more information on the 39th Illinois Regiment.  The book may be read as an ebook at google books.  Colonel Homer A Plimpton was an inspiring leader.  The next blog on Daniel Sherwood will post more of his quotes.

Quotes from The Civil War Journal are in red with the page numbers in parenthesis.

The next post will relate an unexpected discovery made about Daniel Sherwood,