|A scene near Darbytown Road by Civil War artist Alfred Waud October 27, 1864|
Daniel Sherwood died near here October 28, 1864
State of Illinois Town of Waukegan
I, Daniel Sherwood, born in Avon in the State of Illinois aged Eighteen years, and by occupation a Farmer Do HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGE to have volunteered this Twenty-fifth day of January 1864, to serve as a SOLDIER in the Army of the United States of America, for the period of THREE YEARS, unless sooner discharged by proper authority: Do also agree to accept such bounty, pay, rations, and clothing, as are, or may be, established by law for volunteers. And I, Daniel Sherwood, do solemnly swear, that i will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever, and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the Rules and Articles of War.
|Inventory of the effects of Daniel Sherwood|
July-Aug 1864 "On daily duty as Co. cook." Remarks: "Died Oct 28/64, Darbytown road, Va., gun-shot wound."
1860 Census shows Dan Sherwood was living in Antioch, Avon, Illinois in 1860 with his family.
"Company F" of the 39th Illinois Regiment. In addition to Dan Sherwood, note that Henry Fiddler and Adelbert Van Patten, from Antioch have a date of muster in Waukegan on 31 January 1864. Thomas H Kennedy and Thomas W Kennedy from Antioch, who, I believe, were cousins, joined the Regiment the next month. There was a Fiddler Family who were next door neighbors to the Sherwood Family in 1870 in Antioch. Daniel Sherwood, Adelbert Van Patter, and Henry Fiddler may well have gone to Waukegan together. Daniel's friends died in the War just over two months before he did.
Two of Henry Fiddlers' brothers also died in the Civil War.
|The gravestone listing the three Fiddler brothers who died in the Civil War|
Angolan Cemetery, Lake Villa, Lake, Illinois
Colonel Homer A. Plimpton wrote the following of this battle: (August 16, 1864)
"The scene which now presented itself to my view I shall never forget--whole divisions of the advancing column swept down in a twinkling of an eye. On every hand could be seen dead and dying men; our own comrades, who but a short time before were buoyant and hopeful, no thought of death to make them sad." (389)
They were buried the next day:
"On the 17th, the day after the battle, our dead were brought into our lines under a flag of truce and decently buried. Our brigade's share in the dead was over 250." (391) One can only imagine the grief of sixteen year old Dan Sherwood over the loss of his four friends from Antioch.
The 39th Regiment history showed that on August 16, 1864 the Regiment attacked the enemy at Deep (Valley) Run (Second Battle of Deep Bottom). The links at that site will give added information, pictures, and a map.
Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road was where Daniel Sherwood lost his life on October 28, 1864. This was a confederate victory and about 600 prisoners were taken. This battle recorded Union casualties of 1603 and Confederate casualties of fewer than 100. If you scroll down on the map you will see Darbytown Road and Deep Bottom Park. A satellite view is also available.
|A drawing of the action on the 27th by Alfred Waud|
The painting is not real clear, but this is as close as we can get to the battle.
There is no way of knowing, but the following entry in Homer A Plimpton's Journal might apply to Daniel Sherwood:
"Miss Clara Barton is with us in our hospital department, attending to the wants of the wounded, furnishing little delicacies that no one but a woman knows how to prepare and giving comfort and encouragement to the sick and wounded both day and night. She is a second Florence Nightengale among us and we appreciate her services at this and other trying times most sincerely." (406)
Could she have attended to Daniel Sherwood?
Of the battle of the 13th of October referred to above, where Daniel likely saw action as well, Colonel Homer A Plimpton said: "Our little regiment lost six brave men in less time than it takes me to write it." Of this loss he wrote:
After this Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road there seemed to be a general cessation of operations at the front and the whole army prepared to go into winter quarters. Pleasant camps were selected near their line of works. Had he survived that battle, Daniel Sherwood would likely have been at or near Appomatox Court House when Robert E Lee surrendered to Ulysses S Grant. A week after that historic event Daniel Sherwood's Regiment would have heard of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Colonel Homer A Plimpton of Daniel Sherwood's Regiment said: We never knew the depths of our love for that noble man until we heard of his cruel murder." (421)
|"That we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain"|
See The Civil War Journals of Colonel Homer A Plimpton 1861-1865 for more information on the 39th Illinois Regiment. The book may be read as an ebook at google books. Colonel Homer A Plimpton was an inspiring leader. The next blog on Daniel Sherwood will post more of his quotes.
Quotes from The Civil War Journal are in red with the page numbers in parenthesis.
The next post will relate an unexpected discovery made about Daniel Sherwood,